HABOR (Heb. חָבוֹר), a river flowing through Mesopotamia for 218 mi. (350 km.) from north to south in the region of el-Jazira, the area between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. It rises from Mt. Kharagah, and is joined by five tributary streams, emptying into the Euphrates north of Mari. The surrounding region was productive in antiquity; grain was raised mainly in the north while in the southern Habor Valley sheep and cattle, and later also horses, were raised. Beyond the northern Habor lay an important trade route, which started at Nineveh, the Assyrian metropolis, and ran by way of Nisibis, Gozan, and Haran to Carchemish on the Euphrates. This route was apparently used in the days of Abraham and even before. On the evidence of the remains excavated at Chagar Bazar, the Habor Valley was first settled in the Neolithic period. In the 18th century B.C.E., many attempts were made to channel the river's waters by means of dams and canals, as is known from the Mari letters of that period. In the 16th-14th centuries B.C.E. the region of the Habor was in the center of the mighty kingdom of Mitanni, and the area was reduced to ruins until it was revived in the 10th century B.C.E. The city of Gozan (Tell Halaf) became especially important, and according to the Bible the river was apparently named after it. The Assyrian conquest of the Habor district began in the ninth and eighth centuries. When insurrections in the conquered cities increased, one city after another was destroyed and the inhabitants deported. In their place Tiglath-Pileser III settled the Israelite exiles from Transjordan (I Chron. 5:26), and later Sargon II settled the exiles from Samaria there (II Kings 17:6; 18:11; cf. Pritchard, Texts, 284–5). Documents found in the excavations of Gozan prove the presence of Israelite exiles in this city (see gozan and assyrian exile ). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: F. Sarre and E.E. Hertzfeld, Archaeologische Reise im Euphrat-und Tigris-Gebiet, 1 (1911); J. Seidmann, Die Inschriften Adadniraris II (1935); C.J. Gadd, in: Iraq, 7 (1940), 22ff.; J. Kupper, in: Archives Royales de Mari, 3 (1950), 2, 5, 80; J. Lewy, in: Orientalia, 21 (1952), 265–92, 393–425. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Habor —     Habor     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Habor     [Heb. habhor; Sept. ABwr: IV Kings (II), xvii, 6, ABiwr: IV Kings, xviii, 11; XaBwr: I Chronicles 5:26].     A river of Mesopotamia in Asiatic Turkey, an important eastern affluent of the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • HABOR — fluv. et nomen urbis assyriorum. 2. Reg. c. 17. v. 6. c. 18. v. 11. 1. Par. c. 5. v. 26. Idem significat quod Haber …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Habor — Dieser Artikel behandelt den Hagbard der Nordischen Mythologie. Zur Romanfigur Hagbard Celine siehe Illuminatus!, zum Pseudonym Hagbard Celine siehe Karl Koch (Hacker). Hagbard (nach späterer Überlieferung: „Habor“), Sohn des Haamund, ist eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Habor —    The united stream, or, according to others, with beautiful banks, the name of a river in Assyria, and also of the district through which it flowed (1 Chr. 5:26). There is a river called Khabur which rises in the central highlands of Kurdistan …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Habor — Khabur Pour les articles homonymes, voir Habur. Khabur ((tr) Habur, (ar) خابور …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Habor River — • A river of Mesopotamia in Asiatic Turkey, an important eastern affluent of the Euphrates Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Habor — /hay bawr, bohr/, n. Khabur. * * * …   Universalium

  • Habor — /hay bawr, bohr/, n. Khabur …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pearl Habor: Eintritt der USA in den Zweiten Weltkrieg —   Mit der Proklamation des japanischen Marionettenstaates Mandschukuo begann 1932 die Expansion Japans auf dem asiatischen Festland. Seit Sommer 1937 befand sich Japan erneut im Krieg mit China, Ende des Jahres war ganz Nordchina erobert, Peking… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ABOR vel HABOR — circa Mediam regio. 2. Reg. c. 17. v. 6. ad Gozan fluv. Villae quoque nomen esse in Mediâ, scribit Hieron …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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